Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death worldwide. Diet comprises a mixture of food compounds that have a significant influence on human health. Accumulating population based studies have indicated that consuming fruits is inversely related to the risk of CVDs.  Important experimental studies have supported the protective role of fruits against CVDs, and several fruits (grape, blueberry, pomegranate, apple, hawthorn, and avocado) have been widely studied and have shown potent cardiovascular protective action. Fruits can prevent CVDs or facilitate the restoration of the structure and functions of heart and vessels after injury. It is likely that fruits act by protecting the lining of your blood vessels, regulating fat metabolism, modulating blood pressure, inhibiting platelet function, alleviating certain types of injury, suppressing blot formation, reducing oxidative stress, and reducing inflammation.  A review in the journal Nutrients, finds that several fruits can influence metabolic risk factors such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, and overweight/obesity, and inhibit atherosclerosis, which is the key pathological process of coronary heart disease and stroke.

Reference: Zhao CN, Meng X, Li Y, Li S, Liu Q, Tang GY, Li HB. Fruits for Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases. Nutrients. 2017 Jun 13;9(6).